CSO Reports

The Potential for Copper of Afghanistan

There are around 300 documented copper deposits, occurrences and showings in Afghanistan as shown in Figure 1. A variety of styles of copper mineralisation occur in rocks ranging in age from Proterozoic to Neogene. These include sediment-hosted, skarn, porphyry, and vein-hosted, as well as other types. The largest and best-known copper discovery in Afghanistan is the world-class Aynak stratabound deposit hosted within Vendian-Cambrian quartz-biotite-dolomite metasedimentary rocks 30 km south-south-east of Kabul. Soviet surveys in the 1970s and 1980s indicated resources of 240 Mt at 2.3 % Cu. However, Afghanistan has yet to be evaluated in the light of modern mineral deposit models and improved analytical methods. From a global perspective, Afghanistan is relatively under explored and the potential for further discoveries of copper and other minerals is high. A summary of the potential for copper in Afghanistan is shown in Table 1.

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